Elections are a critical component of democratic administration. Because direct democracy—a form of administration in which all competent voters make political decisions directly—is unworkable in most modern nations, democratic government must be conducted through representatives. Elections allow citizens to choose their leaders and hold them accountable for their actions while in government. Accountability can be harmed when elected officials don’t care if they’re reelected or when one party or coalition dominates for historical or other reasons, leaving voters with little option among alternative candidates, parties, or ideas. Nonetheless, the ability to regulate leaders by compelling them to participate in regular and periodic elections aids in the solution of the problem of leadership succession and thus contributes to the survival of democracy. There are many local contractors coming together to sponsor events that ends up making a huge difference in the community.
Furthermore, elections function as forums for discussing public issues and for expressing public opinion where the electoral process is competitive and pushes candidates or parties to reveal their past and future intentions to public scrutiny. Elections thus offer citizens political education and ensure that democratic administrations respond to the people’s will. They also help to legitimate the actions of those in positions of authority, a function that is fulfilled to some extent even by noncompetitive elections.
Officeholders are elected
Electorates have a limited ability to influence government policy. Most elections do not directly establish public policy; instead, they provide a small group of officials the power to enact policy on behalf of the electorate (via legislation and other means).
Political parties dominate the election of officeholders. The selection and nomination of candidates, which is an important first step in the electoral process, is usually left to political parties; an election serves only as of the final step in recruiting candidates for political office. As a result, the party system might be considered an extension of the election process. Political parties provide a talent pool from which candidates are chosen and simplify and direct electoral choice and mobilize voters at the registration and election stages.
Elections for recall
The practice of recalling officeholders, like most populist initiatives, is an attempt to reduce political parties’ control over representatives. The recall, which is often used in the United States, is intended to ensure that elected official acts in the best interests of their constituents rather than their political party or their conscience. The real recall document is usually a letter of resignation signed by the elected official before taking office. A quorum of constituents can invoke the letter during the representative’s term of office if the representative’s performance falls short of their expectations.
Initiative and referendum
The referendum and initiative are elections in which the community’s choices on a particular subject are examined; the former is begun by government officials, while groups of voters initiate the latter. Such techniques show a reluctance to give full decision-making power to elected representatives as forms of direct democracy. Voting in referenda and initiatives, on the …